Enon Community Historical Society

Knob Prairie Mound


The largest conical mound in Clark County, The Enon Adena Mound is the second largest in Ohio. Miamisburg Mound, the largest, is about 35 miles southwest of Enon. 


Listed in the National Register of Historic Places, and owned by the Village of Enon, this mound has little verified published information. Located on what was called Knob Prairie Mound Farm, the mound was reportedly used by General George Rogers Clark in 1780 as a vantage point prior to the attack on the Shawnee Village of Picawey, located less than two miles to the north. 


Although no reliable report exists as to any professional exploration of this mound or any Adena artificats or material obtained, there is a brief account of an alleged partial excavation reported in "Beer's History of Clark County". Reportedly the mound was opened around 1870-1880 by local young persons. An indentation on the northwest side of the mound and an irregular area where the dirt was thrown is very likely the result of this excavation.

It is reported there was top soil all the way down the center from the summit to a room of stone construction. The room was the shape of a tapered bake oven and high enough for a person to stand in. There was no mention of Adena artifacts or any material evidence found to indicate burials existed in the mound. Due to the lack of archeological training it is unlikely the young persons would have recognized evidence. 


The Mound Farm, 84.64 acres, was purchased in 1952 from Paul Pence by Charles Beaver who developed the Indian Mound Estates and deeded the mound to the Village in 1953. The Enon Mound was the center of a large dirt race track during the early 1900's. Here, not far from the dust of a dead civilization, thoroughbreds raced and won governor's cups at state fairs. Evidence of the race track still exists on lot #7 on Meadow Lane. 


The Mound encompasses over one acre and is 574 feet in circumference and 40 feet high. The estimated 12,800 cubic yards of top soil would require 2,133 trucks to move it. If the average person could carry about 35 pounds, and soil weighs about 100 pounds per cubic foot, then it would have taken about one million loads to carry the soil from the surrounding area.



Enon Log Home





In the Begining
Early settlers of this area   built log homes from resources available. Many of these homes were temporary until a "modern" home could be built. Many others were sided over soon after construction. Round log homes were usually temporary ones and were generally called cabins. The hewn, square logs were more finished and flat, and a good foundation for siding that may be put on subsequent to construction. These were called log houses.

On the Records
The census and tax records of Clark County show this log house, maintained by the Enon Community Historical Society, was moved to lot # 69 of the Baker addition early in 1851 by John Gallagher. It appears the house was constructed earlier at another site.

Details
There was evidence of three fires in the log house between 1851 and 1940. The house was severly damaged in 1859, but was repaired in 1867. At that time it increased in value probably as the second floor was added. The following years, additional rooms, plaster and siding were added. The original log house was a one room structure with a stone fireplace. The fireplace was not rebuilt when it was moved to Baker addition in 1851. The opening was covered with handmade accordion lath and an inside chimney was constructed of brick. The current fireplace consists of stones collected from the basement of the original building and the entire building is 16 feet by 18 feet with steeple notched logs, typical of the early 19th century.





Today
Last owned by Jerry and Barbara Brown, who donated the structure to the historical society in 1978, the structure was moved by the society with the help of CETA workers. One second floor log was removed (it was damaged) and the house became shorter, fitting into the neighboring roof lines. The loft or second floor is shorter now, but earlier may have been used for sleeping quarters, storage, drying items in the winter months. The walls were originally white washed inside and outside (remnants may be seen). The lathe from filler plaster wall areas is shown hanging near the rope bed. The home was orginally located at 55 South Harrison Street. The last owners, Browns, used it as a Bicycle Shop. Former owners, besides Gallagher, include Robert S. Little, David Cross, Melyn Layton, William Cox, Michael Greaser, Joseph Holycross, Michael Rule, David Crimmins, Gordon Adkins. The Enon Village Council paid for the concrete slab and liability insurance and the society dedicated it in 1980.

The interior reflects a simple life in the early 19th Century Ohio. The typical rope bed (1830, Pennsylvania, poplar wood) has a collection of feather tick mattresses, pillows, early quilts and coverlets. The rope cradle is very unusual and from Virginia. The accessories for daily living include a pie safe, iron cooking utensils, pottery dishes, early side chairs, wash tub and scrub board (reproduction), and assorted rugs. An 1850 blanket chest is at the foot of the bed and used to store clothing and blankets.

Featured item is an 1850 - 1861 Wheeler Wilson sewing machine. The best sewing machine was invented in 1846, so this machine was not much later than when the best machines were available. It makes a straight stitch, has a glass foot and sews sideways.

Guides and representatives on special occasions wear typical clothing of the early Ohio period: short gowns, chemises, petticoats, bonnets, aprons and work smocks (for the men).

Tours and open houses are held periodically and by appointment. A small fee is charged for groups not located in the Greenon School District.   For further information call the Enon Community Historical Society, 937-864-7080.


Mike Barry Research Center
The home of the society is the Mike Barry Research Center, just behind the Village Government Building. Open Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday, and by appointment, this headquarters provides members with an extensive genealogy library as well as interesting history books of the area. From family books to special collection exhibits and audiovisual documentation,  the whole family can find things of interest at the center.

Hours of Operation:

March - December

Tuesday 1 p.m. - 4 p.m.

Wednesday 1 p.m. - 4 p.m.

Saturday 10:30 a.m. - 1:30 p.m.

Closed Monday, Thursday, Friday and Sunday

Open by appointment by calling:

937-864-7080 or email enonhistory@gmail.com